# binary array to byte type?

Discussion in 'Java' started by djbitchpimp@snowboard.com, Oct 3, 2005.

1. ### Guest

I am trying to figure out a way to do the following.

I have a int [64] array of 1's and 0's representing a 64-bit number. I
would like to collapse this into a byte [8] array. Does anyone have any
ideas on an easy way to accomplish this?

, Oct 3, 2005

2. ### Roedy GreenGuest

On 2 Oct 2005 23:35:05 -0700, wrote or
quoted :

>I have a int [64] array of 1's and 0's representing a 64-bit number. I
>would like to collapse this into a byte [8] array. Does anyone have any
>ideas on an easy way to accomplish this?

You need to learn to do bit fiddling. See
http://mindprod.com/jgloss/binary.html
and

The way I would handle it is first create a 64 bit long by shifting
left and adding another low order bit in a loop.

When than was done, I would strip off the low order byte, save it, and
shift right 8 bits in a loop.

You need to know the >>> and << & | bit operators. See
http://mindprod.com/jgloss/precedence.html

--
http://mindprod.com Again taking new Java programming contracts.

Roedy Green, Oct 3, 2005

3. ### Guest

OK I tried this:

int byteVal = 0 ;
int temp = 0 ;
byteVal = encryptedInt[0] & 0x1 ;
byteVal <<= 7 ;
for (i = 7; i > 0; i--) {

temp = encryptedInt [8 - i] & 0x1 ;
//System.out.print ("Bit " + (8 - i) + " " + temp + " ") ;
temp <<= i - 1 ;
//System.out.println (temp) ;
byteVal = byteVal | temp ;
//System.out.println (byteVal) ;
}

// byteval has the value of the byte
byte test1 = 0 ;
test1 = (byte) test1 | byteVal ;

But it will not let me cast it back to a byte! How can I get this
information into a byte type?

, Oct 3, 2005
4. ### Roedy GreenGuest

On 3 Oct 2005 02:02:32 -0700, wrote or
quoted :

> test1 = (byte) test1 | byteVal ;
>
>But it will not let me cast it back to a byte!

Your problem is precedence. just what do you think you are casting?
--
http://mindprod.com Again taking new Java programming contracts.

Roedy Green, Oct 3, 2005
5. ### Andrey KuznetsovGuest

> I have a int [64] array of 1's and 0's representing a 64-bit number. I
> would like to collapse this into a byte [8] array. Does anyone have any
> ideas on an easy way to accomplish this?

see http://uio.imagero.com

with Unified I/O you could make something like this:

public byte [] pack(int [] num) throws IOException {
ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
BitOutputStream bitOut = new BitOutputStream(out);
bitOut.setBitsToWrite(1);
RandomAccessRO ro = RandomAccessFactory.createBuffered(num);
for(int i = 0; i < num.length; i++) {
bitOut.write(a);
}
bitOut.flush();
bitOut.close();
return out.toByteArray();
}

--
Andrey Kuznetsov
http://uio.imagero.com Unified I/O for Java
http://jgui.imagero.com Java GUI components and utilities

Andrey Kuznetsov, Oct 3, 2005
6. ### Guest

How can I import the libraries for BitOutputStream using eclipse?

, Oct 3, 2005
7. ### Thomas FritschGuest

<> wrote:
> OK I tried this:
>
> int byteVal = 0 ;

[...]
> // byteval has the value of the byte
> byte test1 = 0 ;
> test1 = (byte) test1 | byteVal ;

Because you didn't give parentheses, the compiler interpreted it according
to the precedence rules, which is:
test1 = ((byte) test1) | byteVal;
You want:
test1 = (byte) (test1 | byteVal);
>
> But it will not let me cast it back to a byte! How can I get this
> information into a byte type?
>

--
"TFritsch\$t-online:de".replace(':','.').replace('\$','@')

Thomas Fritsch, Oct 3, 2005
8. ### Andrey KuznetsovGuest

Andrey Kuznetsov, Oct 3, 2005
9. ### Roedy GreenGuest

On 3 Oct 2005 09:58:10 -0700, wrote or
quoted :

>How can I import the libraries for BitOutputStream using eclipse?

click on properties for your project | Java Build Path | Libraries.
--
http://mindprod.com Again taking new Java programming contracts.

Roedy Green, Oct 4, 2005
10. ### Roedy GreenGuest

On Mon, 3 Oct 2005 19:48:42 +0200, "Andrey Kuznetsov"
<> wrote or quoted :

>> How can I import the libraries for BitOutputStream using eclipse?

Questions: I am being bit of a shill here, but you too have
recognised the chaos in Java's i/o libraries and you too have done
something concrete to remedy the situation.

So some questions about imagero Unified IO.

1. how big is the jar?

2. how much does it cost?

3. what are the restrcitions on using it in my own apps?

4. where can I see the JavaDoc to get a flavour of how it works?

5. where can I see some sample code?

6. how fast is it compared with the Sun classes?

7. Did you do anything to make it more consistent which methods throw
an IOException?
--
http://mindprod.com Again taking new Java programming contracts.

Roedy Green, Oct 4, 2005
11. ### Andrey KuznetsovGuest

> Questions: I am being bit of a shill here, but you too have
> recognised the chaos in Java's i/o libraries and you too have done
> something concrete to remedy the situation.
>
> So some questions about imagero Unified IO.
>
> 1. how big is the jar?

~120 kb

> 2. how much does it cost?

nothing

> 3. what are the restrcitions on using it in my own apps?

it is under BSD

> 4. where can I see the JavaDoc to get a flavour of how it works?

http://uio.imagero.com/doc/

> 5. where can I see some sample code?

Sorry, I didn't published any examples jet. Just ask me.

> 6. how fast is it compared with the Sun classes?

it depends on how you use sun classes.
In worst case (repeat readInt()/writeInt()) you have 100/120 times speed
gain.
See http://uio.imagero.com/performance.html

> 7. Did you do anything to make it more consistent which methods throw
> an IOException?

BTW uio includes also many utilities like MemoryManager and OpenFileManager.

--
Andrey Kuznetsov
http://uio.imagero.com Unified I/O for Java
http://jgui.imagero.com Java GUI components and utilities

Andrey Kuznetsov, Oct 4, 2005
12. ### Roedy GreenGuest

On Tue, 4 Oct 2005 17:16:11 +0200, "Andrey Kuznetsov"
<> wrote or quoted :

>Sorry, I didn't published any examples jet. Just ask me.

This is probably what you need to get it to catch on. The learning
curve is too steep otherwise, no matter how simple it actually is.

Sun has little tutorials for all the Swing components. When you read
them first, the JavaDoc suddenly comes to life and seems 100 times
simpler.
--
http://mindprod.com Again taking new Java programming contracts.

Roedy Green, Oct 4, 2005
13. ### Roedy GreenGuest

On Tue, 4 Oct 2005 17:16:11 +0200, "Andrey Kuznetsov"
<> wrote or quoted :

>> 7. Did you do anything to make it more consistent which methods throw
>> an IOException?

It is just that read/close seemingly randomly either throw or do not
throw an IOException. IT is difficult to memorise the pattern. I
figured you might do your class so they always do, even if they in
practice never throw it. That leaves the door open to in future
without changing client code.
--
http://mindprod.com Again taking new Java programming contracts.

Roedy Green, Oct 4, 2005
14. ### Roedy GreenGuest

On Tue, 4 Oct 2005 17:16:11 +0200, "Andrey Kuznetsov"
<> wrote or quoted :

This page is very confusing. I suggest you redo it as a table, and
perhaps normalize the figures, with an note that either bigger or
smaller is better.

If you have the patience, present the benchmarks in graph form for
more punch.

Also try to give each benchmark a name that does not require you to
know uio to know what it signifies.

I have updated the uio entry at
http://mindprod.com/jgloss/unfiedio.html
--
http://mindprod.com Again taking new Java programming contracts.

Roedy Green, Oct 4, 2005
15. ### Andrey KuznetsovGuest

> This is probably what you need to get it to catch on. The learning
> curve is too steep otherwise, no matter how simple it actually is.

Interface of uio is rougly same as of RandomAccessFile.

Important thing is RandomAccessFactory.
RandomAccessFactory has 6 methods:

RandomAccess create()
RandomAccessRO createRO()

RandomAccessBuffer createBuffered()
RandomAccessBufferRO createBufferedRO()

RandomAccessByteArray create()
RandomAccessByteArrayRO createRO()

You can also read from/write to primitive arrays.
readFully(int [] a, int offset, int length)
write(double [] d, int offset, int length)

--
Andrey Kuznetsov
http://uio.imagero.com Unified I/O for Java
http://jgui.imagero.com Java GUI components and utilities

Andrey Kuznetsov, Oct 4, 2005
16. ### Andrey KuznetsovGuest

>>> 7. Did you do anything to make it more consistent which methods throw
>>> an IOException?

> It is just that read/close seemingly randomly either throw or do not
> throw an IOException. IT is difficult to memorise the pattern. I
> figured you might do your class so they always do, even if they in
> practice never throw it. That leaves the door open to in future
> without changing client code.

IOutils contains method closeStream() which
a) does not throws IOException
b) does not throws NullPointerException - i.e. given Stream may be null.

--
Andrey Kuznetsov
http://uio.imagero.com Unified I/O for Java
http://jgui.imagero.com Java GUI components and utilities

Andrey Kuznetsov, Oct 4, 2005
17. ### Andrey KuznetsovGuest

> This page is very confusing. I suggest you redo it as a table, and
> perhaps normalize the figures, with an note that either bigger or
> smaller is better.
>
> If you have the patience, present the benchmarks in graph form for
> more punch.
>
> Also try to give each benchmark a name that does not require you to
> know uio to know what it signifies.

if I have time someday...

> I have updated the uio entry at
> http://mindprod.com/jgloss/unfiedio.html

thanks
http://mindprod.com/jgloss/unifiedio.html

--
Andrey Kuznetsov
http://uio.imagero.com Unified I/O for Java