# Bitwise operations in Python?

Discussion in 'Python' started by Carl, Aug 18, 2005.

1. ### CarlGuest

Dear friends,

I am currently porting a fortran program to Python but am stuck on the
intrinsic IBITS function.

Does anyone know about a replacement function for IBITS in Python?

Yours, Carl

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

IBITS(I, POS, LEN)

Extracts a sequence of bits.

I
must be of type integer.

POS
must be of type integer. It must be nonnegative and POS + LEN must be
less than or equal to BIT_SIZE (I).

LEN
must be of type integer and nonnegative.

Class

Elemental function

Result Type and Attributes

Same as I.

Result Value

The result has the value of the sequence of LEN bits in I beginning at bit
POS, right-adjusted and with all other bits zero.

The bits are numbered from 0 to BIT_SIZE(I)-1, from right to left.

Examples

IBITS (14, 1, 3) has the value 7.

Carl, Aug 18, 2005

2. ### Paul RubinGuest

Carl <> writes:
> IBITS(I, POS, LEN)
> Extracts a sequence of bits.
> The result has the value of the sequence of LEN bits in I beginning at bit
> POS, right-adjusted and with all other bits zero.
>
> The bits are numbered from 0 to BIT_SIZE(I)-1, from right to left.
>
> Examples
>
> IBITS (14, 1, 3) has the value 7.

>>> def ibits(i,pos,len):

return (i >> pos) & ~(-1 << len)

>>> ibits(14,1,3)

7

Paul Rubin, Aug 18, 2005

3. ### CarlGuest

Incredible, Paul! Thanks a thousand times! /Carl

Carl, Aug 18, 2005
4. ### John MachinGuest

Carl wrote:
> Dear friends,
>
> I am currently porting a fortran program to Python but am stuck on the
> intrinsic IBITS function.
>
> Does anyone know about a replacement function for IBITS in Python?
>
> Yours, Carl
>
> IBITS(I, POS, LEN)
>
> Extracts a sequence of bits.
>
> I
> must be of type integer.
>
> POS
> must be of type integer. It must be nonnegative and POS + LEN must be
> less than or equal to BIT_SIZE (I).
>
> LEN
> must be of type integer and nonnegative.
>
> Class
>
> Elemental function
>
> Result Type and Attributes
>
> Same as I.
>
> Result Value
>
> The result has the value of the sequence of LEN bits in I beginning at bit
> POS, right-adjusted and with all other bits zero.
>
> The bits are numbered from 0 to BIT_SIZE(I)-1, from right to left.
>
> Examples
>
> IBITS (14, 1, 3) has the value 7.
>

No, don't know, but you could write one yourself PDQ. Something like this:

def ibits(arg, pos, len):
return (arg >> pos) & ((1 << len) - 1)

if __name__ == "__main__":

def testit(arg, pos, len, reqd):
result = ibits(arg, pos, len)
print arg, pos, len, reqd, result, "* "[result == reqd]

testit(14, 1, 3, 7)
for pos in range(6):
testit(4095, pos, 3, 7)
for pos in range(6):
testit(-1, pos, 3, 7)
for pos in range(6):
testit(0, pos, 3, 0)
for pos in range(0, 32, 4):
testit(0x12345678, pos, 4, 8-pos/4)
for pos in range(0, 32, 4):
testit(0x87654321, pos, 4, 1+pos/4)

John Machin, Aug 19, 2005