delivering a signal doesn't interrupt read(2)

Discussion in 'C Programming' started by Ollie Cook, Jul 26, 2004.

  1. Ollie Cook

    Ollie Cook Guest

    Hi,

    I am having some difficulty with read(2) and interrupting signals. I
    expect I am misunderstanding how the two work together, so would
    appreciate some guidance.

    I am trying to 'time out' a socket read after a certain delay. The logic
    is (I will provide a test program below):

    - create and connect socket
    - associate signal handler function with SIGALRM
    - start an alarm
    - call read
    - if read returns -1 check if errno is EINTR to detect the timeout

    The manual page for read(2) on my OS (FreeBSD RELENG_4) says:

    | ERRORS
    |
    | ...
    | [EINTR] A read from a slow device was interrupted before any
    | data arrived by the delivery of a signal.

    I took this to mean that the delivery of a signal while read(2) was
    blocking would cause it to return -1 and set errno to EINTR. However, I
    believe I have a test case that shows this not to be true, so I must be
    misunderstanding the interaction between read(2) and signals.

    The test program (URL below), takes a hostname, port and timeout in
    seconds as its arguments. It prints out a message to standard output
    when the signal handler is called, and also when the read(2) completes
    successfully.

    If I use netcat to provide something for it to connect to, with three
    test cases, I get the following results (netcat called as "nc -l -4 -p
    3311" in all cases):

    1) provide nothing for the program to read from netcat:

    # ./readsignal localhost 3311 5
    signal received: 14 (after 5 seconds)
    *hangs*

    2) provide data to be read before 5 seconds elapse

    # ./readsignal localhost 3311 5
    completed test successfully
    #

    3) provide data to be read after 5 seconds elapse

    # ./readsignal localhost 3311 5
    signal received: 14
    completed test successfully
    #

    These results suggest to me that read(2) is not in fact interrupted by
    the signal as the manual suggests.

    My two questions are:

    1) how does read(2) work in conjuction with signals, if not in the way
    I interpreted it to?

    2) what would be the recommended way of "timing out" a read from a
    socket?

    The test program that I was using to create these results is here:

    http://www.olliecook.net/readsignal.c

    Thanks for your time.

    Ollie

    --
    Ollie Cook Systems Administrator, Claranet UK
     
    Ollie Cook, Jul 26, 2004
    #1
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  2. Ollie Cook

    Alex Fraser Guest

    [OT] Re: delivering a signal doesn't interrupt read(2)

    "Ollie Cook" <> wrote in message
    news:...
    > I am having some difficulty with read(2) and interrupting signals. I
    > expect I am misunderstanding how the two work together, so would
    > appreciate some guidance.


    The read() function is not in ISO standard C. While signals and the signal()
    function /are/ a part of standard C, their potential for use within the
    confines of standard-guaranteed behaviour is (IMO) small to non-existent.
    Therefore your post is OT on comp.lang.c.

    <OT>
    signal() is apparently causing the read to be restarted after the signal
    occurs. Use sigaction() instead and you should have control over this and be
    able to get the behaviour you desire.
    </OT>

    If you still have problems, comp.unix.programmer or a newsgroup dedicated to
    your OS would be better places to ask for help.

    Alex
     
    Alex Fraser, Jul 26, 2004
    #2
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  3. Ollie Cook

    Ollie Cook Guest

    Re: [OT] Re: delivering a signal doesn't interrupt read(2)

    On Mon, 26 Jul 2004 16:33:52 +0100, Alex Fraser wrote:
    > If you still have problems, comp.unix.programmer or a newsgroup dedicated to
    > your OS would be better places to ask for help.


    Hi Alex,

    Thanks for your time. I'll look up the references you've provided.

    Everyone,

    Sorry for the OT nature of my post - I wasn't aware that this was the
    wrong forum in which to ask.

    Ollie

    --
    Ollie Cook Systems Administrator, Claranet UK
     
    Ollie Cook, Jul 26, 2004
    #3
  4. Ollie Cook

    red floyd Guest

    Ollie Cook <> wrote in message news:<>...
    > Hi,
    > [sockets and signals question redacted]


    Hi Ollie. You're OT here, this is for discussions about the language
    itself, not specific APIs. You're probably better off over in
    comp.unix.programmer
     
    red floyd, Jul 26, 2004
    #4
  5. Ollie Cook wrote:
    >
    > Hi,
    >
    > I am having some difficulty with read(2) and interrupting signals. I
    > expect I am misunderstanding how the two work together, so would
    > appreciate some guidance.
    >
    > I am trying to 'time out' a socket read after a certain delay. The logic
    > is (I will provide a test program below):

    [...]

    As pointed out by others, this is off-topic for c.l.c, but you may want
    to check out select() rather than trying to interrupt the read() from a
    socket. If you need more help on this, comp.unix.programmer may be the
    place to go.

    --
    +-------------------------+--------------------+-----------------------------+
    | Kenneth J. Brody | www.hvcomputer.com | |
    | kenbrody at spamcop.net | www.fptech.com | #include <std_disclaimer.h> |
    +-------------------------+--------------------+-----------------------------+
     
    Kenneth Brody, Jul 26, 2004
    #5
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