FAQ 5.41 How do I traverse a directory tree?

Discussion in 'Perl Misc' started by PerlFAQ Server, Mar 31, 2011.

  1. This is an excerpt from the latest version perlfaq5.pod, which
    comes with the standard Perl distribution. These postings aim to
    reduce the number of repeated questions as well as allow the community
    to review and update the answers. The latest version of the complete
    perlfaq is at http://faq.perl.org .


    5.41: How do I traverse a directory tree?

    (contributed by brian d foy)

    The "File::Find" module, which comes with Perl, does all of the hard
    work to traverse a directory structure. It comes with Perl. You simply
    call the "find" subroutine with a callback subroutine and the
    directories you want to traverse:

    use File::Find;

    find( \&wanted, @directories );

    sub wanted {
    # full path in $File::Find::name
    # just filename in $_
    ... do whatever you want to do ...

    The "File::Find::Closures", which you can download from CPAN, provides
    many ready-to-use subroutines that you can use with "File::Find".

    The "File::Finder", which you can download from CPAN, can help you
    create the callback subroutine using something closer to the syntax of
    the "find" command-line utility:

    use File::Find;
    use File::Finder;

    my $deep_dirs = File::Finder->depth->type('d')->ls->exec('rmdir','{}');

    find( $deep_dirs->as_options, @places );

    The "File::Find::Rule" module, which you can download from CPAN, has a
    similar interface, but does the traversal for you too:

    use File::Find::Rule;

    my @files = File::Find::Rule->file()
    ->name( '*.pm' )
    ->in( @INC );


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    PerlFAQ Server, Mar 31, 2011
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