question posted on another forum (ptrdiff_t)

Discussion in 'C Programming' started by, Nov 30, 2005.

  1. Guest

    , Nov 30, 2005
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  2. On 30 Nov 2005 11:22:45 -0800, in comp.lang.c ,

    >could someone point me in the right direction regarding this question??

    If you have a question for comp.lang.c. please post it here - its not
    likely that many people will find time to follow a link to google.
    Mark McIntyre
    CLC FAQ <>
    CLC readme: <>

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    Mark McIntyre, Nov 30, 2005
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  3. On 2005-11-30 14:22:45 -0500, said:
    >could someone point me in the right direction regarding this question??


    it seems kind of rude, to me, to post the question elsewhere, and expect
    someone reading the message here to follow a link to find the real question.

    > hi,
    > i'd a question abt taking the difference between two pointers.
    > for eg:
    > if you have 2 char pointers pointing to members of an array, you advance one
    > till you encounter a space then take the difference between the two,

    will give
    > the correct length of the string irrespective of whether char is represented
    > by 2 bytes (like in unicode)??

    Second, by definition, char is always 1 byte; there are no exceptions. (A byte
    may be larger than 8-bits, but sizeof(char) is always equal to 1).

    Third, if you're using Unicode, then the functions in ctype.h (like
    isspace) are

    > i believe it would give the correct length, because the compiler is
    > responsible for scaling the difference when one advances a pointer to

    point to
    > the next element like ptr++, or is it that pointer difference is not pointer
    > arithmetic and we need to scale it??

    I'm not sure what you mean by scaling, but, assuming that all pointers are
    valid, and you don't run off the end of an array, etc.:
    If you increment the pointer x times, then (end - start) == x.

    > eg problem:
    > Orig string - char *s;
    > Ptrs, char *start = s, *end = s;
    > int length;
    > while(*end != isspace(*end))

    ITYM: while(!isspace((unsigned char)*end))

    >  end++;
    > length = end - start;
    > is this mentioned somewhere in the c std?? if so could someone pt me in the
    > right direction.
    > Thanks.

    Clark S. Cox, III
    Clark S. Cox III, Nov 30, 2005
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