# Re: Integer From A Float List?!?

Discussion in 'Python' started by Bill Mill, Mar 4, 2005.

1. ### Bill MillGuest

On Fri, 4 Mar 2005 22:35:48 +0100,
<> wrote:
> Hello NG,
>
> I was wondering if there is a way to obtain, from a list of floats,
> a list of integers without loops. Probably is a basic question, but I can't
> find an answer... I have had my eyes blinded by Matlab for years, but now
> that I discovered Python+wxPython there seems to be no limit on what one
> can do with these 2 tools. Anyway, following the Matlab style, I would like
> to do something like this:
>
> matrix = [1.5, 4.3, 5.5]
> integer_matrix = int(matrix) (float for Matlab)

You're going to have to use loops. I don't know how Matlab can do it
without them, unless it maintains the matrix as a list of floats and
simply *views* it as a list of ints. More likely, it simply hides the
loop away from you. Anyway, here's some ways to do it:

preferable: int_matrix = [int(x) for x in matrix]
old way: int_matrix = map(int, matrix)
explicit:
int_matrix = []
for x in matrix:
int_matrix.append(int(x))

Any of these methods should be neither really slow nor really fast,
but the list comprehension should be the fastest (I think). Anyway, if
you're going to be doing lots of large matrices, and want some of your
old matlab stuff, check out numpy and numarray at
http://numeric.scipy.org/ .

Also, somebody was recently posting on here about a python <-> matlab
bridge that they developed; you should search the archives for that
(it was in february, I think).

And, finally, when doing scientific stuff, I found IPython
(http://ipython.scipy.org/) to be an invaluable tool. It's a much
improved Python interpreter.

Peace
Bill Mill
bill.mill at gmail.com

>
> (In Matlab, "integer_matrix" is always a double anyway, here I would like
> only to show the vector-matrix operation).
>
>
> Traceback (most recent call last):
> File "<interactive input>", line 1, in ?
> TypeError: int() argument must be a string or a number
>
> I would like to avoid loops because, having been blinded by Matlab vector-matrix
> abilities (and corresponding SLOW for-while loops operations), I tend to
> think that also Python will be slow if I use loops.
>
> Does anyone have a suggestion (or maybe could anyone show me that I'm wrong
>
> Thanks you a lot.
>
> Andrea.
>
> --
> http://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/python-list
>

Bill Mill, Mar 4, 2005

2. ### George SakkisGuest

"Bill Mill" <> wrote in message
news:...
> On Fri, 4 Mar 2005 22:35:48 +0100,
> <> wrote:
> > Hello NG,
> >
> > I was wondering if there is a way to obtain, from a list of floats,
> > a list of integers without loops. Probably is a basic question, but I can't
> > find an answer... I have had my eyes blinded by Matlab for years, but now
> > that I discovered Python+wxPython there seems to be no limit on what one
> > can do with these 2 tools. Anyway, following the Matlab style, I would like
> > to do something like this:
> >
> > matrix = [1.5, 4.3, 5.5]
> > integer_matrix = int(matrix) (float for Matlab)

>
> You're going to have to use loops. I don't know how Matlab can do it
> without them, unless it maintains the matrix as a list of floats and
> simply *views* it as a list of ints. More likely, it simply hides the
> loop away from you. Anyway, here's some ways to do it:
>
> preferable: int_matrix = [int(x) for x in matrix]
> old way: int_matrix = map(int, matrix)
> explicit:
> int_matrix = []
> for x in matrix:
> int_matrix.append(int(x))
>
> Any of these methods should be neither really slow nor really fast,
> but the list comprehension should be the fastest (I think). Anyway, if
> you're going to be doing lots of large matrices, and want some of your
> old matlab stuff, check out numpy and numarray at
> http://numeric.scipy.org/ .
>
> Also, somebody was recently posting on here about a python <-> matlab
> bridge that they developed; you should search the archives for that
> (it was in february, I think).
>
> And, finally, when doing scientific stuff, I found IPython
> (http://ipython.scipy.org/) to be an invaluable tool. It's a much
> improved Python interpreter.
>
> Peace
> Bill Mill
> bill.mill at gmail.com

Using numpy, your example would be:
>>> from Numeric import array
>>> matrix = array([1.5, 4.3, 5.5])
>>> integer_matrix = matrix.astype(int)

George

George Sakkis, Mar 5, 2005