slightly more powerful JSON

Discussion in 'Javascript' started by Red Daly, Jan 3, 2007.

  1. Red Daly

    Red Daly Guest

    Hello group,

    I have been using JSON for a while and it has made many things a breeze.
    However, JSON does not natively describe certain things like pointers
    and custom types. I created a simple JSON extension that allows
    cross-references, and I'm asking for your thoughts on a simple type system.

    I've dubbed this variation RJSON (Red's JSON) for lack of a shorter
    name. Here's how it works right now:

    The JSON way to encode a few people might be :

    { "doug" : { "friends" : [ { "ryan" ] },
    "ryan" : { "friends" : [ "doug"] } }

    that is sort of odd since now doug and ryan's friends are not people,
    but are instead strings. An RJSON encoder recognizes object equality
    when serializing and encodes the friends with cross-references:

    { "doug" : { "friends" : [
    xdecl(0, { "friends" : [ "doug"] } ) ]
    "ryan" : xref(0) }

    that allows more objects to be better described than in pure JSON. more
    sophisticated relationships are allowed, including things like circular

    Now for a type system. YAML has a fairly effective type system, and
    when I used Ruby I liked how easy it was to dump custom types. YAML is
    not ideal for the browser because it requires more extensive parsing.
    JSON, on the other hand, is great in the browser because it can be
    evaled. The goals of the type system are a syntax that is
    Javascript-compatible but simple enough to parse pretty easily. I would
    like to combine the quick ability to dump objects that YAML has with the
    evaluation speed of JSON.

    so consider we have a object type called Person:

    function Person(name, email) { = name; = email;

    [ xtype("Person", { "name" : "Doug", "email" : "theeyesofmice@gmail" } ]

    the type that is the first argument to xtype is a string descriptor of
    the type. the parser can then, for example, look up the type string in
    a table that maps type strings to handler functions. A handler that
    will initialize person might look like

    function(obj) { return new Person(, }

    It doesn't have to be a table lookup, though.. it can be any function.

    Here's the unsafe parser I currently use:

    function marshallRjson(type, arg) {

    var lookupTable =

    { 'Person' : function (obj) {

    new Person(,;

    } };

    if (lookupTable[type]) {

    return lookupTable[type]();



    function evalRjson(rjsonText) {

    var xrefTable = { };

    var xtypeWithObjects = { };

    var xdecl =

    function (name, value) {

    return xrefTable[name] = value;


    var xref =

    function (name) {

    return xrefTable[name];


    var xtype = marshallRjson;

    return eval('(' + rjsonText + ')');


    All this code is, basically, is introducing the ability to call a few
    functions inside would-be JSON code. The real idea behind these
    features is sharing object representations between an application server
    and client in a more sophisticated way than easily possible right now.
    neat? not? suggestions?

    thanks for your time,
    Red Daly
    International Object Database

    [Aside] This is probably one of the less interesting webby things I'm
    working on right now. Cooler is an alternative object system based on
    generic functions and class-based inheritance. I am just starting to
    look into the applications of lazy evaluation for web programming.

    An example implementation of an encoder for RJSON is available here:
    Red Daly, Jan 3, 2007
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  2. Red Daly wrote:

    > The JSON way to encode a few people might be :
    > { "doug" : { "friends" : [ { "ryan" ] },
    > "ryan" : { "friends" : [ "doug"] } }

    Does the above evaluate correctly in a browser? I would think it would
    need to be:

    { doug : { friends : [ "ryan" ] },
    ryan : { friends : [ "doug" ] } }

    Chad Burggraf, Jan 3, 2007
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