Starting and Stopping an Animated GIF

Discussion in 'Java' started by Rhino, Nov 15, 2003.

  1. Rhino

    Rhino Guest

    I need some help with something. It seems like it should be easy but I've
    spent several hours researching via Google Usenet searches and trying things
    without full success.

    I am trying to write an application (NOT an applet) that displays an
    animated GIF and also uses the mouse to stop/start the animation. The
    animated GIF is a single file that contains several "frames" rather than a
    series of discrete files, each with a single still in it.

    I borrowed most of the code from a post by Linda Radecke so I know I'm
    "stealing" from the best ;-) My code is posted below; please forgive the
    ugly formatting which Outlook Express inflicts on us both. As it stands now,
    the program displays the animated GIF just fine although it doesn't have the
    code necessary to stop and start the animation yet; that's where I'm running
    into trouble.

    I think I'm on the right track with the MouseAdapter logic but everything
    I've tried with respect to my stopAnimation() and stopAnimation() methods
    has failed so I've yanked that code out again or commented it. I've tried
    using Threads and (Swing) Timers in various ways but neither worked for me.

    Can anyone sketch in the code I need, describe it verbally, or point me to a
    good example so that I can resolve this? I can't believe it's really very
    hard, I'm just making enough small mistakes in each approach I try that I
    can't quite get it to work. Please note that the user may do the mouse
    clicks that start/stop the animation many times during the life of the
    program; it won't be a case of a simple start, stop, and exit. I'm really
    not sure if I should be starting and stopping each time or if I should do:
    o start (once)
    o pause and resume (as many times as user wants)
    o stop/exit (once)

    Also, while I have you, I've noticed that my imageUpdate() method never gets
    invoked under any circumstances. Although I've read the API on
    ImageObserver, I'm still not really clear on how and why imageUpdate()
    should be invoked. From posts that I've seen, I wonder if it is possible
    that imageUpdate() never gets invoked because the sole file loaded by
    MediaTracker (ham3b.gif) is loaded so quickly that imageUpdate() is not
    needed? Or is there a problem in my code that keeps it from being invoked?
    In other words, is the failure to invoke imageUpdate() a problem that should
    concern me or is everything working exactly as it should?
    package timer;

    import java.awt.BorderLayout;

    import java.awt.Color;

    import java.awt.Dimension;

    import java.awt.Graphics;

    import java.awt.Graphics2D;

    import java.awt.Image;

    import java.awt.MediaTracker;

    import java.awt.Toolkit;

    import java.awt.event.MouseAdapter;

    import java.awt.event.MouseEvent;

    import java.awt.image.ImageObserver;


    import javax.swing.JFrame;

    import javax.swing.JPanel;

    public class AnimatedImagePanel extends JPanel implements ImageObserver {

    static final boolean DEBUG = true;

    Image animation;

    boolean controlWithMouse = true;

    boolean frozen = false;

    int stillWidth = 0;

    int stillHeight = 0;

    Thread animator = null;

    MediaTracker tracker = null;

    public static void main(String[] args) {

    JFrame myFrame = new JFrame("Animated Image Panel");


    AnimatedImagePanel aip = new AnimatedImagePanel(, "timer/",

    myFrame.getContentPane().add(aip, BorderLayout.CENTER);




    public AnimatedImagePanel(Color bgColor, String animationImageFilePath,
    String animationImageFile) {


    /* Get the URL for the animated image file. */

    URL animationGIF =

    /* Get the actual image file. */

    animation = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().getImage(animationGIF);

    try {

    tracker = new MediaTracker(this);

    tracker.addImage(animation, 0);



    catch (Exception excp) {



    /* Determine the height and width of the panel that will be needed to
    display the animated GIF. */

    stillWidth = animation.getWidth(this);

    stillHeight = animation.getHeight(this);

    if (DEBUG) System.out.println("GIF dimensions in pixels (W X H) = " +
    stillWidth + " X " + stillHeight);

    /* If the user wishes to control the animation with the mouse, activate this
    listener. */

    if (controlWithMouse) {

    addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {

    public void mousePressed(MouseEvent evt) {

    if (frozen) {

    frozen = false;

    // startAnimation();


    else {

    frozen = true;

    // stopAnimation();




    } //end if


    public void paintComponent(Graphics g) {

    if (DEBUG) System.out.println("paintComponent()");


    Graphics2D g2 = (Graphics2D) g; //Could be omitted with no harm done
    (change next line from 'g2' to 'g')

    g2.drawImage(animation, 0, 0, this);



    overrides imageUpdate to control the animated gif's animation

    but this program works as well without this method because of

    using Mediatracker ... if you work with MediaTracker normally

    it's sufficient


    // never gets invoked

    public boolean imageUpdate(Image animatedImage, int infoflags, int x, int y)

    if (DEBUG) System.out.println("imageUpdate()");

    if (isShowing() && (infoflags & ALLBITS) != 0) {



    if (isShowing() && (infoflags & FRAMEBITS) != 0) {



    return isShowing();


    public Dimension getPreferredSize() {

    return new Dimension(stillWidth, stillHeight);




    rhino1 AT sympatico DOT ca
    "If you want the best seat in the house, you'll have to move the cat."
    Rhino, Nov 15, 2003
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