# Round a Double

Discussion in 'Java' started by Guest, Oct 22, 2004.

1. ### GuestGuest

e.g.

Double d = 12.34567;
I want this String: "12.35" and this Double: 12.35

Double d = 12;
I want this String: "12.00" and this Double: 12

How?

Guest, Oct 22, 2004

2. ### Paul TomblinGuest

In a previous article, "<- Chameleon ->" <> said:
>Double d = 12.34567;
>I want this String: "12.35" and this Double: 12.35
>
>Double d = 12;
>I want this String: "12.00" and this Double: 12

For the double, you could use the time honoured

d = (int)(d * 100 + 0.5) / 100.0;

which is what we've been using since the days when C wasn't ISO/ANSI-fied.

For the string, look up java.text.DecimalFormat, which can probably do
what you want.

--
Paul Tomblin <> http://xcski.com/blogs/pt/
When you need a helpline for breakfast cereals, it's about time to think
about tearing down civilisation and giving the ants a go.
-- Chris King

Paul Tomblin, Oct 22, 2004

3. ### Chris SmithGuest

In article <clb7b4\$9rs\$>,
says...
> Double d = 12.34567;
> I want this String: "12.35" and this Double: 12.35
>
> Double d = 12;
> I want this String: "12.00" and this Double: 12

To get the strings, see java.text.DecimalFormat. Specifically:

DecimalFormat fmt = new DecimalFormat();
fmt.setMinimumFractionDigits(2);
fmt.setMaximumFractionDigits(2);
String str = fmt.format(12.34567);

Getting a Double is more difficult, and it's unclear what you want.
Doubles in Java are not stored in BCD, but rather as binary floating-
point numbers, so it makes no sense to talk about truncating them to a
certain number of decimal digits. Any given two decimal place decimal
number may or may not even be exactly representable as a float; it may
actually be a repeating decimal instead.

However, while there is not guaranteed to be a double that's exactly
equal to 12.35, there *is* guaranteed to be a double that will be
converted to "12.35" by methods such as Double.toString, String.valueOf,
and so forth. The easiest way to get that is to do the String
conversion above, and then use Double.parseDouble to get a double back
out (or Double.valueOf if you need a Double instead). Just be aware
that the value of the result may not be exactly 2.35; it will be the
double value nearest to 2.35 that can be exactly represented in binary
floating point.

(I'm using 2.35 merely as an example above, so when I say "may not" or
"may", I certainly *don't* mean that the behavior is undefined. Rather
I mean that it's perfectly well defined for a given value; but changing
2.35 to a different value could change those facts.)

--
www.designacourse.com
The Easiest Way To Train Anyone... Anywhere.

Chris Smith - Lead Software Developer/Technical Trainer
MindIQ Corporation

Chris Smith, Oct 22, 2004
4. ### Carl HowellsGuest

Chris Smith wrote:

> (I'm using 2.35 merely as an example above, so when I say "may not" or
> "may", I certainly *don't* mean that the behavior is undefined. Rather
> I mean that it's perfectly well defined for a given value; but changing
> 2.35 to a different value could change those facts.)

2.35 turns out to be one of those values that isn't exactly expressible
in binary, so that disclaimer wasn't strictly necessary.

Quickest way to see this: .35 = .25 + .1
And while .25 decimal is obviously exactly representable in in binary
(.01), .1 decimal is the classic value which isn't exactly representable
in binary, so their sum clearly can't be represented exactly in binary.

Carl Howells, Oct 22, 2004
5. ### marcusGuest

If I need Strings of a particular number of decimal places I usually
work in ints at the order of magnitude I need. 16.35 = 1635, with a
routine that takes the int and returns a string, modified with
placeholders if necessessary. Fast and neat, and no rounding.

-- clh

<- Chameleon -> wrote:
> e.g.
>
> Double d = 12.34567;
> I want this String: "12.35" and this Double: 12.35
>
> Double d = 12;
> I want this String: "12.00" and this Double: 12
>
>
> How?

marcus, Oct 22, 2004
6. ### thakre_iit

Joined:
May 28, 2008
Messages:
3
DecimalFormat fmt = new DecimalFormat();
fmt.setMinimumFractionDigits(0);
fmt.setMaximumFractionDigits(0);
String str = fmt.format(12.64567);
System.out.println("...."+str);

thakre_iit, May 28, 2008