Stack or Queue?

Discussion in 'C++' started by deanfamily, Dec 9, 2005.

1. deanfamilyGuest

I have a rather pecurliar C++ assignment. I need to create a program (using a stack or queue) to verify if the grouping symbols in an arithmetic expression match. For example:
{25 + (3 - 6) * 8}
In this case they match (one corresponding left and right bracket for both). In this case:
(25 + (3 - 6} * 8)
they don't match (there is a } that should be a )). If anyone can give me an idea or something to get me heading in the correct direction, I'd appreciate it.
Please note: I HAVE to use a stack or queue.

deanfamily, Dec 9, 2005

2. Guest

deanfamily wrote:
> I have a rather pecurliar C++ assignment. I need to create a program (using a stack or queue) to verify if the grouping symbols in an arithmetic expression match. For example:
> {25 + (3 - 6) * 8}
> In this case they match (one corresponding left and right bracket for both). In this case:
> (25 + (3 - 6} * 8)
> they don't match (there is a } that should be a )). If anyone can give me an idea or something to get me heading in the correct direction, I'd appreciate it.
> Please note: I HAVE to use a stack or queue.

The answer to this is REALLY easy. I am reluctant to even give a hint.

What are the main operations of a stack or queue? (in general, not the
std:: versions specifically)

, Dec 9, 2005

3. Thomas TutoneGuest

deanfamily wrote:
> I have a rather pecurliar C++ assignment. I need to create a program (using a stack or queue) to verify if the grouping symbols in an arithmetic expression match. For example:
> {25 + (3 - 6) * 8}
> In this case they match (one corresponding left and right bracket for both). In this case:
> (25 + (3 - 6} * 8)
> they don't match (there is a } that should be a )). If anyone can give me an idea or something to get me heading in the correct direction, I'd appreciate it.
> Please note: I HAVE to use a stack or queue.

OK, here's a hint. A stack is LIFO (last in, first out). A queue is
FIFO (first in, first out). When you analyze an arithmetic expression,
and you come across, say, a right parenthesis, do you look at the most
recent symbol you came across (that is, the last thing you added) or
the first symbol you came across (that is, the first thing you added)?

And this isn't a peculiar C++ assignment - sounds like a pretty typical
introductory assignment to me. And a fairly easy one, once you think
it through.

Best regards,

Tom

Thomas Tutone, Dec 9, 2005
4. SashiGuest

When is your homework due? Don't you have your textbook with you?
Sashi
wrote:
> deanfamily wrote:
> > I have a rather pecurliar C++ assignment. I need to create a program (using a stack or queue) to verify if the grouping symbols in an arithmetic expression match. For example:
> > {25 + (3 - 6) * 8}
> > In this case they match (one corresponding left and right bracket for both). In this case:
> > (25 + (3 - 6} * 8)
> > they don't match (there is a } that should be a )). If anyone can give me an idea or something to get me heading in the correct direction, I'd appreciate it.
> > Please note: I HAVE to use a stack or queue.

>
> The answer to this is REALLY easy. I am reluctant to even give a hint.
>
>
> What are the main operations of a stack or queue? (in general, not the
> std:: versions specifically)

Sashi, Dec 9, 2005
5. Victor BazarovGuest

deanfamily wrote:
> I have a rather pecurliar C++ assignment. I need to create a program
> (using a stack or queue) to verify if the grouping symbols in an
> arithmetic expression match. For example:
> {25 + (3 - 6) * 8}
> In this case they match (one corresponding left and right bracket for
> both). In this case:
> (25 + (3 - 6} * 8)
> they don't match (there is a } that should be a )). If anyone can give
> me an idea or something to get me heading in the correct direction, I'd
> appreciate it.
> Please note: I HAVE to use a stack or queue.

Use both. A queue has to begin and end in a parenthesis or a curly brace.
The contents of each queue are the "primary expressions" between the
corresponding symbols. As you encounter an "opening" symbol, start
another queue. As you encounter a "closing" symbol, check the currently
"active" queue and if it's OK, finish it and make a "primary expression"
from it, and add to the previous queue. To maintain active queues, you
will probably need to use a stack.

I don't see any C++ language questions, though.

V

Victor Bazarov, Dec 9, 2005