Python C api: create a new object class

L

lallous

Hello

I have 3 questions, hope someone can help:

1)
How can I create an instance class in Python, currently I do:

class empty:
pass

Then anytime I want that class (which I treat like a dictionary):

o = empty()
o.myattr = 1
etc....

Is there is a one line syntax to instantiate an instance?

Any other ways than this:
o = new.classobj('object', (), {})

2)

How can I, similarly, create an object "o" in C api:

PyObject *o = what_to_call(....)

.....
PyObject_SetAttrString(o, "attrname", py_val)

....

One way I found was first calling PyClass_New() (to create an empty class)
and then passing the return value to PyInstance_NewRaw to get a new instance
of that empty class.

Can I achieve the same otherwise?

3)

Given a PyObject* is there is a way to tell if one can call
PyObject_SetAttrString() on that object w/o getting an error?

For example, before calling a PyObject* one can see if it is callable, but
can I test if an object supports setattr?

(from C api)

Thank you,

Elias
 
M

Martin v. Löwis

How can I create an instance class in Python, currently I do:
class empty:
pass

Then anytime I want that class (which I treat like a dictionary):

o = empty()
o.myattr = 1
etc....

Is there is a one line syntax to instantiate an instance?

Any other ways than this:
o = new.classobj('object', (), {})

Most certainly:

o = empty(1) # or: o = empty(1, etc)

This requires you to define

class empty:
def __init__(self, myattr, etc):
self.myattr = myattr
etc
2)

How can I, similarly, create an object "o" in C api:

PyObject *o = what_to_call(....)

o = PyObject_CallFunction(pointer_to_class_object, "")
3)

Given a PyObject* is there is a way to tell if one can call
PyObject_SetAttrString() on that object w/o getting an error?

For example, before calling a PyObject* one can see if it is callable,
but can I test if an object supports setattr?

(from C api)

You could check whether the object supports setattr at all, but that
would be pretty useless, since most objects do.

What you want to test (would it support setting "myattr" to the specific
value, at this point) is impossible to test: the object may give you
an exception on every third call only (or only if the value is not
an integer, etc). So just call SetAttr, and clear any exception you
get that you don't want to get.

Regards,
Martin
 
B

Benjamin Peterson

lallous said:
Is there is a one line syntax to instantiate an instance?

You can't instantiate an instance; it's already instantiated.
Any other ways than this:
o = new.classobj('object', (), {})

class x: pass
How can I, similarly, create an object "o" in C api:

Use PyObject_CallFunction(PyType_Type, [arguments])

Given a PyObject* is there is a way to tell if one can call
PyObject_SetAttrString() on that object w/o getting an error?

No.
 
S

samwyse

Hello

I have 3 questions, hope someone can help:

1)
How can I create an instance class in Python, currently I do:

class empty:
  pass

Then anytime I want that class (which I treat like a dictionary):

o = empty()
o.myattr = 1
etc....

Is there is a one line syntax to instantiate an instance?

I think that you want this:

class c(object):
def __init__(self, **kwds):
self.__dict__ = kwds

x = c(a=1, b=2)
print x.a, x.b
 

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