Ruby 1.9.2 UTF-8 Encoding issues whiles reading/writing files

A

Atoli Atoli

Hello

My ruby 1.9.2 does some strange things when manipulating encodings
especially when reading and writing text file.
I have a file (attached) with broken UTF-8 characters: E5 AD 97 E6 99 2E
The offending sequence is E6 99

And here's the example I'm using to try to figure out how the heck does
this Encoding stuff work:
#--------------------------------------
data = File.open("broken.txt", "r:UTF-8") { |f| f.read }
puts data.valid_encoding?

utf_a = data.encode("UTF-8", invalid: :replace, undef: :replace,
replace: "_")
puts utf_a.valid_encoding?

utf_b = data.encode("UTF-8", "UTF-8", invalid: :replace, undef:
:replace, replace: "_")
puts utf_b.valid_encoding?
puts (utf_a == utf_b) && (data == utf_b)

File.open("valid.txt", "w:UTF-8") { |f| f.write(utf_a) }
#--------------------------------------

The output is:
false
false
true
true

Basically I'm trying to replace the broken sequences with "_", but the
encode method doesn't seem to do any replacements, maybe because the
forced encoding is already set to UTF-8?

I've read James Edward post concerning strings encoding in ruby 1.9 and
also candlerb's doc, but didn't find anything.

This can't be so complicated, right? Sure I'm missing something.

Thank you.

Atoli.

Attachments:
http://www.ruby-forum.com/attachment/5415/broken.txt
 
B

brabuhr

Basically I'm trying to replace the broken sequences with "_", but the
encode method doesn't seem to do any replacements, maybe because the
forced encoding is already set to UTF-8?

For the case of fixing broken files, I would probably use iconv from the sh=
ell:

$ cat broken.txt
=E5=AD=97?.
$ iconv -f UTF8 -t UTF8 --byte-subst=3D_ broken.txt
=E5=AD=97__.

(I don't know if Ruby's Iconv module supports the subst options.)

For short strings, this seems to work:

irb(main):001:0> s =3D "\xE5\xAD\x97\xE6\x99\x2E"
=3D> "=E5=AD=97\xE6\x99."
irb(main):002:0> s.encoding
=3D> #<Encoding:UTF-8>
irb(main):003:0> s.valid_encoding?
=3D> false
irb(main):004:0> t =3D s.chars.map{|c| c.valid_encoding? ? c : '_'}.join
=3D> "=E5=AD=97__."
irb(main):005:0> t.valid_encoding?
=3D> true
irb(main):006:0> t.encoding
=3D> #<Encoding:UTF-8>
 
A

Atoli Atoli

Thanks for the tip.

For now, making ruby "think" the encoding is valid seems to work (it
doesn't break regular expressions at least).
So I just encode("UTF-8", "UTF-8", invalid: :replace, undef:
:replace, replace: "_") each time I read my files.
 

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