Why struct not globally changed in function?

Joined
Jul 16, 2023
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In the proof of concept code below, I pass a button structure to a function. Inside the function a strcut value is changed but the change only occurs locally. The attempt to set a new struct value is in the 3rd line from the bottom.

1) I thought struct definitions were passed by reference not value?
2) What do I need to do to change the struc values in a function?
C:
/***************************************************************************
 *                          button proof of concept                        *
 ***************************************************************************/
#include "allheaders.h"
// #include <stdio.h>

struct button {
  int  *btPtr;
  int       x;
  int       y;
} btExit;

void btExitFn ( struct button);

int main (  ) {

void ( *btExitPtr ) ( struct button ) = btExitFn;  // assign ptr to btExitFn addr

  btExit.btPtr = btExitPtr;           // bt func address
  btExit.x = 10;                      // init struct values
  btExit.y = 20;

  btExitFn ( btExit );                  // call btExit before x is 50
  btExitFn ( btExit );                  // call btExit after x is 50

  printf ("btExit addr   : %lu\n", btExitFn);    // fn addr
  printf ("btExitPtr     : %lu\n", btExitPtr); // ptr fn addr
  printf ("btExit.btPtr  : %lu\n", btExit.btPtr); // stored fn addr

  return 0;
}

void btExitFn ( struct button btExit ) {             
  printf ( "x = %d\n", btExit.x );
  btExit.x = 50;                                          //  <-- why not globally changed
  printf ( "x = %d\n\n", btExit.x );
}
 
Joined
Jul 16, 2023
Messages
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I figured out my problem.
I failed to set the function and call for pointer types.
i.e btExitFn ( btExit ); should be btExitFn ( &btExit );
 

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