Apache web server and CGI

Discussion in 'Python' started by Lad, Aug 9, 2004.

  1. Lad

    Lad Guest

    How can I set up Apache web server to use Python for CGI processing( for file *.py).
    Thanks for help
    Lad, Aug 9, 2004
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  2. A simple method would be to include the line:

    AddHandler cgi-script .py

    in your httpd.conf. This should work fine so long as your .py files start
    with a proper invocation of the python interpreter (i.e.,
    #!/usr/bin/python). You might also want to look at mod_python

    Jeffrey Froman, Aug 9, 2004
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  3. I will assume you have cgi working in apache in cgi-bin. I will also assume
    that you want to use it on *NIX. You didn't tell and I don't know how to do
    it on windows ;-)

    The simplest thing that should work is sth like this:

    Create a file: test.py

    #!/usr/bin/env python

    print "Content-Type: text/html"
    print """
    Hello Lad!

    Now do:

    chmod 755 test.py

    And then go there with a browser:

    lynx http:/localhost/cgi-bin/test.py


    Peter van Kampen, Aug 9, 2004
  4. Lad

    Lad Guest

    Thank you Jeffrey and Peter for help.
    I added AddHandler cgi-script .py to httpd.conf
    I also tried to run the test script as Peter suggested but the Apache
    says( in error log)

    [Tue Aug 10 08:51:32 2004] [error] [client] (2)No such file
    or directory: script not found or unable to stat: c:/program
    files/apache group/apache/cgi-bintest.py

    The name of script is test.py and is in cgi-bin (Apache subdirectory).

    I tried to run the script from IE browser with the command

    but without success. I use XP home edition.

    Apache runs without problem as I could check it by inserting

    BTW, how can I set up a different directory for cgi scripts? For
    example I would like to have all my scripts in

    Thank you for help
    Lad, Aug 10, 2004
  5. In my experience cgi-bin is rarely just a subdir of apache's www-root. The
    name cgi-bin is in itself not some magical name that 'turns CGI on'. You
    have to configure it on your httpd.conf. Here's a relevant bit of mine:

    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the realname directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the client.
    # The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias directives as to
    # Alias.
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/

    # "/usr/lib/cgi-bin" could be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
    # CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
    <Directory /usr/lib/cgi-bin/>
    AllowOverride None
    Options ExecCGI
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

    Also just to be sure the first line of test.py should be sth like this on

    #! c:\path\to\python.exe
    This is probably clear by now...


    Peter van Kampen, Aug 10, 2004
  6. Lad

    Lad Guest

    Thanks Peter for help. Now I can run cgi scripts in default
    c:/program files/apache group/apache/cgi-bin/
    The problem was that there was not last "/"

    But how can I forced the Apache to allowed to run scripts in a
    different directory for example C:\Test\MyScripts\
    Thanks for help
    Lad, Aug 10, 2004
  7. I would guess you have something like the above in your httpd.conf

    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ c:/program files/apache group/apache/cgi-bin/

    <Directory c:/program files/apache group/apache/cgi-bin/>
    AllowOverride None
    Options ExecCGI
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

    Simply replace c:/program files/apache group/apache/cgi-bin/ with


    Peter van Kampen, Aug 11, 2004
  8. Lad

    Lad Guest

    Peter, Thanks a lot. Now it works, but the scripts must be still
    started as
    http://localhost/cgi-bin/test2.py eventhough the scripts are not
    /cgi-bin/ directory but in MyScripts directory. I think that Apache
    maps MyScripts directory to /cgi-bin/ directory.
    Thanks again for help
    Lad, Aug 11, 2004
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