floor or ceil for integer division

Discussion in 'C++' started by PengYu.UT, Oct 23, 2006.

  1. PengYu.UT

    PengYu.UT Guest


    The usually integer division will round the result to the biggest
    integet smaller than the float version division.For example, 10/3 = 3.
    I'm wondering if there is any easy way to round it to 4 for this case?

    PengYu.UT, Oct 23, 2006
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  2. PengYu.UT

    Steve Pope Guest

    int a,b,c;
    c = (int) ((double)(a/b) + 0.4999999);

    See also rint(), nearbyint() in <cmath>.

    Steve Pope, Oct 23, 2006
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  3. PengYu.UT

    Ye Dafeng Guest

    I donot understand what you want to say, 10/3=3.33333, so the integer
    you need is 3, is that wrong?
    Ye Dafeng, Oct 23, 2006
  4. PengYu.UT

    Ye Dafeng Guest

    hoops, i misunderstand your meaning, sorry!
    Ye Dafeng, Oct 23, 2006
  5. PengYu.UT

    PengYu.UT Guest

    Will this introduce errors if a/b=0.50000000000001?
    How can I guarantee the conversion between float and int won't
    introduce any errors?

    PengYu.UT, Oct 23, 2006
  6. PengYu.UT

    Ye Dafeng Guest

    how about this method:

    if((a%b) != 0)
    c = (int)(a/b) + 1;
    Ye Dafeng, Oct 23, 2006
  7. PengYu.UT

    Steve Pope Guest

    Well, you only asked that 10/3 round up to 4.
    These give you either the nearest value, or they round down.
    If you need more exact behavior use something like rint(),
    and refer to the man pages for it.

    Steve Pope, Oct 23, 2006
  8. PengYu.UT

    Jim Langston Guest

    If you don't want to go with the converstion to float, then look at the

    int Operator = 10;
    int Devisor = 3;
    int Result = Operator / Devisor;

    if ( Operator % Devisor != 0 )

    This will round up.

    if ( Operator % Devisor >= Devisor / 2 )
    This will round to the closest in cases where the devisor is devisible by 2.

    Neither of these handle negatives correctly.
    Jim Langston, Oct 23, 2006
  9. PengYu.UT

    Salt_Peter Guest

    Your worried about an insignificant, tiny, non-measureable error whilst
    you are attempting to introduce a significant error by suggesting that
    10/3 should be 4? Thats a 20% error! What happens when a 20% error gets
    What are the requirements for that 3 to become a 4? and why?
    have you looked at modulus? 10%3, which will result 1 as an adjustment?
    Although i still can't understand why.

    Do you realize that you'ld have to multiply that doubles's error as
    displayed by 1.0 x 10^14 in order for it to impact a cast to an integer
    value? In fact, since an integer has both a max and min limitation with
    a relatively puny and microscopic valid range, that floating number has
    an amazing, mind-boggling count of significant figures.
    Here, observe what happens to an integer when it reaches its max
    allowed value:

    #include <iostream>
    #include <limits>

    int main()
    int min = std::numeric_limits<int>::min();
    int max = std::numeric_limits<int>::max();
    std::cout << "range of an integer on this platform:";
    std::cout << "\nmin: " << min;
    std::cout << "\nmax: " << max;
    std::cout << "\nrollover = " << ++max; // rollover

    std::cout << std::endl;

    return 0;

    /* your mileage will vary... i'm running a 64 bit platform
    range of an integer on this platform:
    min: -2147483648
    max: 2147483647
    rollover = -2147483648 !!!

    Now observe the unadulterated double:

    range of a double on this platform:
    min: 2.22507e-308
    max: 1.79769e+308
    thats around 4e616 !!! care to compare a roundoff error of 1.0e-14 to
    that range?

    floating numbers are not whole numbers and they do typically roundof
    the last digit by 0.5 or so. But lets take that into context here.
    Salt_Peter, Oct 23, 2006
  10. That's true for positive integers. If one of them is negative though,
    the direction of rounding will normally be the opposite (i.e. integer
    division normally rounds towards zero).
    Increase the dividend by 'divisor - 1' before performing the division:

    (10 + 3 - 1) / 3 = 4
    Andrey Tarasevich, Oct 23, 2006
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