Z

#### Zd Yu

How to make two threads do something in turn, i.e., A => B => A => B
....?

I know the code below is not correct, but I do not know how to make it
correct. Could anybody help?

=======================================
mutex=Mutex.new

while true
puts "B move..."
end
}

while true
puts "A move..."
t.wakeup
end

R

#### Robert Klemme

How to make two threads do something in turn, i.e., A =3D> B =3D> A =3D> = B
....?

I know the code below is not correct, but I do not know how to make it
correct. Could anybody help?

=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D= =3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D=3D
mutex=3DMutex.new

=A0while true
=A0 =A0puts "B move..."
=A0end
}

while true
=A0puts "A move..."
=A0t.wakeup
end

Since you want to have one thread active at a time only this is not a
case for threads. If at all you might use Fibers:

cy-feature-1769.html
http://www.ruby-doc.org/core-1.9/classes/Fiber.html

The simplest solution is to code interchanges directly:

Actor =3D Struct.new :number do
def alive?; rand(10) !=3D 0 end

def step
printf "Actor %p working...\n", number
end
end

acts =3D Array.new(2) {|i| Actor.new i }

until acts.empty?
acts.delete_if do |a|
a.step
!a.alive?
end
end

Kind regards

robert

--=20
remember.guy do |as, often| as.you_can - without end
http://blog.rubybestpractices.com/

J

#### jake kaiden

hi Zd -

up the works if you're not careful...

######
require 'glib2'

repeat = true

p '=>A'
true ? repeat : false
}

p '=>B'
true ? repeat : false
}
######

the true or false at the end of each block tells the timeout whether
to repeat the block or stop - true repeats, false stops. the argument
to the #.add method is the amount of time to wait before repeating.

- j

Z

#### Zd Yu

Thanks Robert and Jake. I must use threads. Actually my original problem
is much more complicated and I just simplified it to ask in this forum.

I just found the ConditionVariable class, and it seems it is the key to

(I have tested the code with both C Ruby and JRuby, and it works well.)
=====================================

mutex = Mutex.new
resource = ConditionVariable.new
next_one = 'A'

while true
mutex.synchronize {
while next_one != 'A'
resource.wait(mutex)
end
}
puts "A..."
next_one = 'B'
mutex.synchronize {
resource.signal
}
end
}

while true
mutex.synchronize {
while next_one != 'B'
resource.wait(mutex)
end
}
puts "B..."
next_one = 'A'
mutex.synchronize {
resource.signal
}
end
}

a.join
b.join
exit

R

#### Robert Klemme

Thanks Robert and Jake. I must use threads.
Why?

Actually my original problem
is much more complicated and I just simplified it to ask in this forum.

Then apparently you did not abstract the problem properly. Before we
What is the real problem you are trying to solve?
I just found the ConditionVariable class, and it seems it is the key to

The whole approach is too complicated for the problem to be solved (see above).

Cheers

robert

Z

#### Zd Yu

Robert,

I want to use multi-threading + JRuby to achieve better performance.

My problem has a single input file that contains millions of lines. Each
line is the input of a time-consuming computing and will generate an
output result.

What in my mind is:

1. the main thread prepares N working threads, and put them into sleep
state.
2. the main thread open the input file and pass the file object to each
3. the main thread send a "GO" command to all the working threads
4. each thread works in the below loop:
4.1 lock the mutex associated with the file object, read a line, and
then unlcok. if EOF is encountered, exit from the loop.
4.2 do the very time-consuming computing
4.3 put the result to thread.current[:result]
4.4 signal the main thread to pick up the result
4.5 go to sleep state (waiting for being waken up by the main thread)
5. the main thread works in the below loop:
5.1 go to sleep state until being waken up by one of the working
5.2 check all the working threads' [:result] and extract them out and
do some aggregation.
5.3 for those threads whose result has been picked, send a signal to
let them proceed with the next line.
6. once all the working threads finish, the main thread output the
aggregated result.

R

#### Robert Klemme

I want to use multi-threading + JRuby to achieve better performance.

My problem has a single input file that contains millions of lines. Each
line is the input of a time-consuming computing and will generate an
output result.

What in my mind is:

1. the main thread prepares N working threads, and put them into sleep
=A0 state.
2. the main thread open the input file and pass the file object to each
3. the main thread send a "GO" command to all the working threads

Did you ever hear of blocking queues?
4. each thread works in the below loop:
=A0 4.1 lock the mutex associated with the file object, read a line, and
=A0 =A0 =A0 then unlcok. if EOF is encountered, exit from the loop.
=A0 4.2 do the very time-consuming computing
=A0 4.3 put the result to thread.current[:result]
=A0 4.4 signal the main thread to pick up the result
=A0 4.5 go to sleep state (waiting for being waken up by the main thread)
5. the main thread works in the below loop:
=A0 5.1 go to sleep state until being waken up by one of the working
=A0 5.2 check all the working threads' [:result] and extract them out and
=A0 =A0 =A0 do some aggregation.
=A0 5.3 for those threads whose result has been picked, send a signal to
=A0 =A0 =A0 let them proceed with the next line.
6. once all the working threads finish, the main thread output the
=A0 aggregated result.

This sounds like a very typical application of farmer worker. You
create two queues, one for tasks and one for results. Then you start
a thread which fetches results from the result queue and processes
queue, process tasks and place results in the result queue. Finally
you use Thread#value to join on the result processor.

# untested

WORKERS =3D 5

tasks =3D SizedQueue.new WORKERS * 10
results =3D SizedQueue.new WORKERS * 10

state =3D Hash.new 0
th =3D WORKERS

while th > 0
x =3D results.deq

th -=3D 1
else
# aggregate
state[x] +=3D 1
end
end

state
end

workers =3D WORKERS.times.map do
results.enq(process it)
end
end
end

p agg.value

Kind regards

robert

--=20
remember.guy do |as, often| as.you_can - without end
http://blog.rubybestpractices.com/

Z

#### Zd Yu

Thank you Robert!

I did not know the Queue/SizedQueue classes. They perfectly meet my
requirements.

Thank you again!

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