In the provided code snippet, the value of 'i' is not set to 7 anywhere in the code. Instead, 'i' is initialized to 1 and incremented by 1 in each iteration of the 'for' loop until it reaches 6.
In the loop, 'a' is being updated by adding 2 times the current value of 'i' in each iteration. After the loop completes, the value of 'a' will be equal to 2+4+6+8+10+12 = 42.
When the 'printf' statement is executed, it will print the values of 'a' and 'i', which are 42 and 7 respectively. This is because the final value of 'i' that was used in the loop was 7, even though the loop terminated when 'i' reached 6. Therefore, the value of 'i' that is printed is the last value assigned to it in the loop.
So to summarize, the value of 'i' is not equal to 7, but it becomes 7 after the 'for' loop completes its last iteration.