Struggling to create an extension wrapping a 3rd party dll


C

Christoff Kok

Hi,

We are trying to wrap a 3rd party dll (written in C) to access it through python.
The dll has a .lib .c and a .h file with it. We are accessing the dll through the .c file.

Outisde of the extension (running as a console application), the code workswithout an issue. without the 3rd party dll, the python extension works without an issue. The issue comes in when trying combine the third party dll with the python extension.

Here is the distutil installation script

################ Setup.py ################################

from distutils.core import setup, Extension

chemAppPython_mod = Extension('chemAppPython', sources = ['chemAppPython.c', 'cacint.c'], libraries=['ca_vc_opt_e'], depends = ['cacint.h'])

setup(name = "chemAppPython",
version = "1.0",
description = "The ChemnApp Python module",
ext_modules = [chemAppPython_mod],
data_files = [('',['ca_vc_e.dll'])]
)

##########################################################

* ca_vc_opt_e.lib and ca_vc_e.dll is the library containing the third partymethods we want to access.

* cacint.h and cacint.c is the files acting as an interface to the ca_vc_opt_e.lib and ca_vc_e.dll.
* chemAppPython.c is file containing the code wrapping the calls to the cacint.c (and in effect, the third party dll)

The errors we are receiving are:
C:\Python33\source\Python-3.3.4\ChemAppPython>setup.py install
running install
running build
running build_ext
building 'chemAppPython' extension
creating build
creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.3
creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /MD /W3 /GS- /DNDEBUG -IC:\Python33\include -IC:\Python33\include /TcchemAppPython.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.obj
chemAppPython.c
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /MD /W3 /GS- /DNDEBUG -IC:\Python33\include -IC:\Python33\include /Tccacint.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\cacint.obj
cacint.c
cacint.c(357) : warning C4267: 'function' : conversion from 'size_t' to 'long', possible loss of data
cacint.c(390) : warning C4267: 'function' : conversion from 'size_t' to 'long', possible loss of data
..
..
.. (some more of the same warning message for different functions.)
..
cacint.c(619) : warning C4996: 'strcpy': This function or variable may be unsafe. Consider using strcpy_s instead. To disable deprecation, use _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS. See online help for details.
..
..
..
.. (some more of the same warning message at different positions in code.)
..
creating build\lib.win-amd64-3.3
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\link.exe /DLL /nologo /INCREMENTAL:NO /LIBPATH:C:\Python33\libs /LIBPATH:C:\Python33\PCbuild\amd64 ca_vc_opt_e.lib /EXPORT:pyInit_chemAppPython build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.obj build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Rele
chemAppPython.obj : warning LNK4197: export 'PyInit_chemAppPython' specified multiple times; using first specification
Creating library build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.lib and object build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.exp
cacint.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol TQINI referenced in function tqini
cacint.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol TQOPEN referenced infunction tqopen
..
..
.. (a lot more of them, for different methods. Again, it builds and runs fine in the console app host application.)
..
build\lib.win-amd64-3.3\chemAppPython.pyd : fatal error LNK1120: 74 unresolved externals
error: command '"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\link.exe"' failed with exit status 1120


Help would really be appreciated.
 
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C

Christoff Kok

Hi,



We are trying to wrap a 3rd party dll (written in C) to access it throughpython.

The dll has a .lib .c and a .h file with it. We are accessing the dll through the .c file.



Outisde of the extension (running as a console application), the code works without an issue. without the 3rd party dll, the python extension works without an issue. The issue comes in when trying combine the third party dll with the python extension.



Here is the distutil installation script



################ Setup.py ################################



from distutils.core import setup, Extension



chemAppPython_mod = Extension('chemAppPython', sources = ['chemAppPython.c', 'cacint.c'], libraries=['ca_vc_opt_e'], depends = ['cacint.h'])



setup(name = "chemAppPython",

version = "1.0",

description = "The ChemnApp Python module",

ext_modules = [chemAppPython_mod],

data_files = [('',['ca_vc_e.dll'])]

)



##########################################################



* ca_vc_opt_e.lib and ca_vc_e.dll is the library containing the third party methods we want to access.



* cacint.h and cacint.c is the files acting as an interface to the ca_vc_opt_e.lib and ca_vc_e.dll.

* chemAppPython.c is file containing the code wrapping the calls to the cacint.c (and in effect, the third party dll)



The errors we are receiving are:

C:\Python33\source\Python-3.3.4\ChemAppPython>setup.py install

running install

running build

running build_ext

building 'chemAppPython' extension

creating build

creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.3

creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /MD /W3 /GS- /DNDEBUG -IC:\Python33\include -IC:\Python33\include /TcchemAppPython.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.obj

chemAppPython.c

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /MD /W3 /GS- /DNDEBUG -IC:\Python33\include -IC:\Python33\include /Tccacint.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\cacint.obj

cacint.c

cacint.c(357) : warning C4267: 'function' : conversion from 'size_t' to 'long', possible loss of data

cacint.c(390) : warning C4267: 'function' : conversion from 'size_t' to 'long', possible loss of data

.

.

. (some more of the same warning message for different functions.)

.

cacint.c(619) : warning C4996: 'strcpy': This function or variable may beunsafe. Consider using strcpy_s instead. To disable deprecation, use _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS. See online help for details.

.

.

.

. (some more of the same warning message at different positions in code.)

.

creating build\lib.win-amd64-3.3

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\link.exe/DLL /nologo /INCREMENTAL:NO /LIBPATH:C:\Python33\libs /LIBPATH:C:\Python33\PCbuild\amd64 ca_vc_opt_e.lib /EXPORT:pyInit_chemAppPython build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.obj build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Rele

chemAppPython.obj : warning LNK4197: export 'PyInit_chemAppPython' specified multiple times; using first specification

Creating library build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.lib and object build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.exp

cacint.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol TQINI referenced in function tqini

cacint.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol TQOPEN referenced in function tqopen

.

.

. (a lot more of them, for different methods. Again, it builds and runs fine in the console app host application.)

.

build\lib.win-amd64-3.3\chemAppPython.pyd : fatal error LNK1120: 74 unresolved externals

error: command '"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\link.exe"' failed with exit status 1120





Help would really be appreciated.

Ok, I have progress. I can run the extension manually, without deploying with distutil using a the python source code build and running it from the extensions Debug/Release folder. We need to deploy the extension though so getting it right to work with distutil is very important. Still getting the exact same issue as mentioned in my first post.

It seems that the 'ca_vc_opt_e.lib' library is not linked in the module.
 
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C

Christoff Kok

Hi,



We are trying to wrap a 3rd party dll (written in C) to access it throughpython.

The dll has a .lib .c and a .h file with it. We are accessing the dll through the .c file.



Outisde of the extension (running as a console application), the code works without an issue. without the 3rd party dll, the python extension works without an issue. The issue comes in when trying combine the third party dll with the python extension.



Here is the distutil installation script



################ Setup.py ################################



from distutils.core import setup, Extension



chemAppPython_mod = Extension('chemAppPython', sources = ['chemAppPython.c', 'cacint.c'], libraries=['ca_vc_opt_e'], depends = ['cacint.h'])



setup(name = "chemAppPython",

version = "1.0",

description = "The ChemnApp Python module",

ext_modules = [chemAppPython_mod],

data_files = [('',['ca_vc_e.dll'])]

)



##########################################################



* ca_vc_opt_e.lib and ca_vc_e.dll is the library containing the third party methods we want to access.



* cacint.h and cacint.c is the files acting as an interface to the ca_vc_opt_e.lib and ca_vc_e.dll.

* chemAppPython.c is file containing the code wrapping the calls to the cacint.c (and in effect, the third party dll)



The errors we are receiving are:

C:\Python33\source\Python-3.3.4\ChemAppPython>setup.py install

running install

running build

running build_ext

building 'chemAppPython' extension

creating build

creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.3

creating build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /MD /W3 /GS- /DNDEBUG -IC:\Python33\include -IC:\Python33\include /TcchemAppPython.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.obj

chemAppPython.c

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\cl.exe /c /nologo /Ox /MD /W3 /GS- /DNDEBUG -IC:\Python33\include -IC:\Python33\include /Tccacint.c /Fobuild\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\cacint.obj

cacint.c

cacint.c(357) : warning C4267: 'function' : conversion from 'size_t' to 'long', possible loss of data

cacint.c(390) : warning C4267: 'function' : conversion from 'size_t' to 'long', possible loss of data

.

.

. (some more of the same warning message for different functions.)

.

cacint.c(619) : warning C4996: 'strcpy': This function or variable may beunsafe. Consider using strcpy_s instead. To disable deprecation, use _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS. See online help for details.

.

.

.

. (some more of the same warning message at different positions in code.)

.

creating build\lib.win-amd64-3.3

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\link.exe/DLL /nologo /INCREMENTAL:NO /LIBPATH:C:\Python33\libs /LIBPATH:C:\Python33\PCbuild\amd64 ca_vc_opt_e.lib /EXPORT:pyInit_chemAppPython build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.obj build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Rele

chemAppPython.obj : warning LNK4197: export 'PyInit_chemAppPython' specified multiple times; using first specification

Creating library build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.lib and object build\temp.win-amd64-3.3\Release\chemAppPython.exp

cacint.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol TQINI referenced in function tqini

cacint.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol TQOPEN referenced in function tqopen

.

.

. (a lot more of them, for different methods. Again, it builds and runs fine in the console app host application.)

.

build\lib.win-amd64-3.3\chemAppPython.pyd : fatal error LNK1120: 74 unresolved externals

error: command '"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\BIN\amd64\link.exe"' failed with exit status 1120





Help would really be appreciated.

I solved it. Apparently 64bit Python doesn't mingle well (or at all) with 32bit dll's. I downgraded python to a 32bit version and everything just worked.
 

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