How to convert Map to xml based on Schema.


M

Mausam

Hello,

I have a Map (it can be nested map, containing of maps) and a schema. Keys in Map represent element/attribute name of the schema and an entry in Map will be at same depth as an element defined in schema

I need help in generating xml from the map as per the schema provided, without generating new files (as e.g Jaxb would require) Sample schema/map provided below

e.g Map = [dept=[deptno="10",dname="ABC",loc="XYZ",emps=[[empno=1000,ename="Albert"],[empno=2000,ename="John"]]]] and schema will be

e.g Schema
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="windows-1252" ?>
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" elementFormDefault="qualified">
<xsd:element name="depts">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="dept" maxOccurs="unbounded">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="deptno" type="xsd:string"/><!-- This simple element e.g can be attribute in some schema-->
<xsd:element name="dname" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="emps" maxOccurs="unbounded" minOccurs="0">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="empno" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="ename" type="xsd:string"/>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:schema>

-Many thanks
 
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R

Roedy Green

I have a Map (it can be nested map,
containing of maps) and a schema. Keys in Map represent
element/attribute name of the schema and an entry in Map will be at
same depth as an element defined in schema

Presuming you can chase/span/visit nodes of your MAP tree and build a
parse tree in RAM, element by element see
http://mindprod.com/jgloss/xml.html#WRITING
for how to get a linear stream of XML text out of it.

You might want to read up on the visitor pattern so that each node can
convert itself.

see http://mindprod.com/jgloss/visitor.html
--
Roedy Green Canadian Mind Products http://mindprod.com
Types of Garbage Collection:
()In Canada, the government sends men to your house every every week
to take away your garbage. Hoarders are free to hang onto things
they don't really need.
()In third world countries, it is up to you to take your own garbage away.
()Java's garbage collection system is analogous to a garbage removal
system where every hour, workers scan your house for junk mail, the
contents of waste baskets, carpet lint, toenail clippings and anything
else they are absolutely sure you don't want to keep.
()C++'s system for disposing of unreferenced objects is similar to India's,
with the strange feature that undiscarded garbage becomes invisible but
still stinks.
 
M

Mausam

Thanks Roedy,

What I understand is build a model from XSD, and then loop the map for all the data and populate the model from data in Map.

Was wondering if there is a better/efficient way to do it, or existing API to do that, so that I do not have to reinvent the wheel.

-
 
R

Roedy Green

What I understand is build a model from XSD, and then loop the map for all the data and populate the model from data in Map.

Was wondering if there is a better/efficient way to do it, or existing API to do that, so that I do not have to reinvent the wheel.

I don't how there could be. Your structure is something you made up.
Why would any API or utility you did not write be able to eat it
directly?

If you have code to chase YOUR tree your ar 90% of the way there. You
It just walks the tree, calling convertToXSD for each node.

convertToXSD would implement an interface or abstract class, with code
for most nodes identical.
--
Roedy Green Canadian Mind Products http://mindprod.com
Types of Garbage Collection:
()In Canada, the government sends men to your house every every week
to take away your garbage. Hoarders are free to hang onto things
they don't really need.
()In third world countries, it is up to you to take your own garbage away.
()Java's garbage collection system is analogous to a garbage removal
system where every hour, workers scan your house for junk mail, the
contents of waste baskets, carpet lint, toenail clippings and anything
else they are absolutely sure you don't want to keep.
()C++'s system for disposing of unreferenced objects is similar to India's,
with the strange feature that undiscarded garbage becomes invisible but
still stinks.
 
A

Arne Vajhøj

I have a Map (it can be nested map, containing of maps) and a schema. Keys in Map represent element/attribute name of the schema and an entry in Map will be at same depth as an element defined in schema

I need help in generating xml from the map as per the schema provided, without generating new files (as e.g Jaxb would require) Sample schema/map provided below

e.g Map = [dept=[deptno="10",dname="ABC",loc="XYZ",emps=[[empno=1000,ename="Albert"],[empno=2000,ename="John"]]]] and schema will be

e.g Schema
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="windows-1252" ?>
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" elementFormDefault="qualified">
<xsd:element name="depts">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="dept" maxOccurs="unbounded">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="deptno" type="xsd:string"/><!-- This simple element e.g can be attribute in some schema-->
<xsd:element name="dname" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="emps" maxOccurs="unbounded" minOccurs="0">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="empno" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="ename" type="xsd:string"/>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:schema>

I would probably:
- generate a Java class from the schema (xjc)
- populate from Map to an instance of that class via recursion
and reflection
- serialize instance to XML via JAXB

If you have high performance requirements, then you may need
to do some custom coding.

Arne
 
A

Arne Vajhøj

I have a Map (it can be nested map, containing of maps) and a schema.
Keys in Map represent element/attribute name of the schema and an
entry in Map will be at same depth as an element defined in schema

I need help in generating xml from the map as per the schema provided,
without generating new files (as e.g Jaxb would require) Sample
schema/map provided below

e.g Map =
[dept=[deptno="10",dname="ABC",loc="XYZ",emps=[[empno=1000,ename="Albert"],[empno=2000,ename="John"]]]]
and schema will be

e.g Schema
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="windows-1252" ?>
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
elementFormDefault="qualified">
<xsd:element name="depts">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="dept" maxOccurs="unbounded">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="deptno" type="xsd:string"/><!-- This
simple element e.g can be attribute in some schema-->
<xsd:element name="dname" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="emps" maxOccurs="unbounded"
minOccurs="0">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="empno" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="ename" type="xsd:string"/>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:schema>

I would probably:
- generate a Java class from the schema (xjc)
- populate from Map to an instance of that class via recursion
and reflection
- serialize instance to XML via JAXB

If you have high performance requirements, then you may need
to do some custom coding.

Demo with Map:

import java.beans.IntrospectionException;
import java.beans.PropertyDescriptor;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

public class AutoMapper {
private static Object xctor(Object o, String propnam) throws
IntrospectionException, InstantiationException, IllegalAccessException {
PropertyDescriptor pd = new PropertyDescriptor(propnam, o.getClass());
return pd.getPropertyType().newInstance();
}
private static void xset(Object o, String propnam, Object val) throws
IntrospectionException, IllegalArgumentException,
IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {
PropertyDescriptor pd = new PropertyDescriptor(propnam, o.getClass());
pd.getWriteMethod().invoke(o, val);
}
@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
private static void map(Map<String,Object> m, Object o) throws
IllegalArgumentException, IntrospectionException,
IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException, InstantiationException {
for(String key : m.keySet()) {
Object val = m.get(key);
if(val instanceof Map) {
Object o2 = xctor(o, key);
map((Map<String, Object>) val, o2);
xset(o, key, o2);
} else {
xset(o, key, val);
}
}
}
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
Map<String,Object> m2 = new HashMap<String,Object>();
m2.put("iv", 456);
m2.put("xv", 123.456);
Map<String,Object> m = new HashMap<String,Object>();
m.put("iv", 123);
m.put("sv", "ABC");
m.put("cv", m2);
Data o = new Data();
System.out.println(m);
map(m, o);
System.out.println(o);
}
}

class Data {
private int iv;
private String sv;
private SubData cv;
public int getIv() {
return iv;
}
public void setIv(int iv) {
this.iv = iv;
}
public String getSv() {
return sv;
}
public void setSv(String sv) {
this.sv = sv;
}
public SubData getCv() {
return cv;
}
public void setCv(SubData cv) {
this.cv = cv;
}
@Override
public String toString() {
return "(iv=" + iv + ",sv=" + sv + ",cv=" + cv + ")";
}
}

class SubData {
private int iv;
private double xv;
public int getIv() {
return iv;
}
public void setIv(int iv) {
this.iv = iv;
}
public double getXv() {
return xv;
}
public void setXv(double xv) {
this.xv = xv;
}
@Override
public String toString() {
return "(iv=" + iv + ",xv=" + xv + ")";
}
}

Arne

PS: It looks like you may really need to convert List not Map.
 
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M

Mausam

Thanks a lot Arne for taking up the time to write code. However we do not want to generate java files everytime we get a different schema. Schema and values are not fixed to one or two datatypes.


On 11/17/2012 1:52 AM, Mausam wrote:
I have a Map (it can be nested map, containing of maps) and a schema.
Keys in Map represent element/attribute name of the schema and an
entry in Map will be at same depth as an element defined in schema

I need help in generating xml from the map as per the schema provided,
without generating new files (as e.g Jaxb would require) Sample
schema/map provided below

e.g Map =
[dept=[deptno="10",dname="ABC",loc="XYZ",emps=[[empno=1000,ename="Albert"],[empno=2000,ename="John"]]]]
and schema will be

e.g Schema
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="windows-1252" ?>
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
elementFormDefault="qualified">
<xsd:element name="depts">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="dept" maxOccurs="unbounded">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="deptno" type="xsd:string"/><!-- This
simple element e.g can be attribute in some schema-->
<xsd:element name="dname" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="emps" maxOccurs="unbounded"
minOccurs="0">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="empno" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="ename" type="xsd:string"/>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:schema>
I would probably:
- generate a Java class from the schema (xjc)
- populate from Map to an instance of that class via recursion
and reflection
- serialize instance to XML via JAXB

If you have high performance requirements, then you may need
to do some custom coding.



Demo with Map:



import java.beans.IntrospectionException;

import java.beans.PropertyDescriptor;

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;

import java.util.HashMap;

import java.util.Map;



public class AutoMapper {

private static Object xctor(Object o, String propnam) throws

IntrospectionException, InstantiationException, IllegalAccessException {

PropertyDescriptor pd = new PropertyDescriptor(propnam, o.getClass());

return pd.getPropertyType().newInstance();

}

private static void xset(Object o, String propnam, Object val) throws

IntrospectionException, IllegalArgumentException,

IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

PropertyDescriptor pd = new PropertyDescriptor(propnam, o.getClass());

pd.getWriteMethod().invoke(o, val);

}

@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")

private static void map(Map<String,Object> m, Object o) throws

IllegalArgumentException, IntrospectionException,

IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException, InstantiationException{

for(String key : m.keySet()) {

Object val = m.get(key);

if(val instanceof Map) {

Object o2 = xctor(o, key);

map((Map<String, Object>) val, o2);

xset(o, key, o2);

} else {

xset(o, key, val);

}

}

}

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

Map<String,Object> m2 = new HashMap<String,Object>();

m2.put("iv", 456);

m2.put("xv", 123.456);

Map<String,Object> m = new HashMap<String,Object>();

m.put("iv", 123);

m.put("sv", "ABC");

m.put("cv", m2);

Data o = new Data();

System.out.println(m);

map(m, o);

System.out.println(o);

}

}



class Data {

private int iv;

private String sv;

private SubData cv;

public int getIv() {

return iv;

}

public void setIv(int iv) {

this.iv = iv;

}

public String getSv() {

return sv;

}

public void setSv(String sv) {

this.sv = sv;

}

public SubData getCv() {

return cv;

}

public void setCv(SubData cv) {

this.cv = cv;

}

@Override

public String toString() {

return "(iv=" + iv + ",sv=" + sv + ",cv=" + cv + ")";

}

}



class SubData {

private int iv;

private double xv;

public int getIv() {

return iv;

}

public void setIv(int iv) {

this.iv = iv;

}

public double getXv() {

return xv;

}

public void setXv(double xv) {

this.xv = xv;

}

@Override

public String toString() {

return "(iv=" + iv + ",xv=" + xv + ")";

}

}



Arne



PS: It looks like you may really need to convert List not Map.
 
A

Arved Sandstrom

Hello,

I have a Map (it can be nested map, containing of maps) and a schema. Keys in Map represent element/attribute name of the schema and an entry in Map will be at same depth as an element defined in schema

I need help in generating xml from the map as per the schema provided, without generating new files (as e.g Jaxb would require) Sample schema/map provided below

e.g Map = [dept=[deptno="10",dname="ABC",loc="XYZ",emps=[[empno=1000,ename="Albert"],[empno=2000,ename="John"]]]] and schema will be

e.g Schema
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="windows-1252" ?>
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" elementFormDefault="qualified">
<xsd:element name="depts">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="dept" maxOccurs="unbounded">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="deptno" type="xsd:string"/><!-- This simple element e.g can be attribute in some schema-->
<xsd:element name="dname" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="emps" maxOccurs="unbounded" minOccurs="0">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="empno" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="ename" type="xsd:string"/>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:schema>

-Many thanks
One question I have is, how and when is the generation supposed to occur?

IOW, what is the environment?

And where did the Map come from? If, as you replied to Arne, your schema
can change, what process is responsible for creating new Maps that are
relevant for updated schemas? Such a map, after all, should be a Java
analog of an XML instance for the target schema, you don't need the
schema at that point to generate a valid XML.

AHS
 
A

Arne Vajhøj

Thanks a lot Arne for taking up the time to write code. However we do
not want to generate java files everytime we get a different schema.
Schema and values are not fixed to one or two datatypes.

There are nothing in the concept that limits it to
one or two data types (actually the example used three!).

And it is not clear why it is a bigger problem to add
a class file compiled from Java generated from schema
than to add the schema. In both cases you some code.

Arne
 
M

Mausam

Hello,
I have a Map (it can be nested map, containing of maps) and a schema. Keys in Map represent element/attribute name of the schema and an entry in Map will be at same depth as an element defined in schema
I need help in generating xml from the map as per the schema provided, without generating new files (as e.g Jaxb would require) Sample schema/map provided below
e.g Map = [dept=[deptno="10",dname="ABC",loc="XYZ",emps=[[empno=1000,ename="Albert"],[empno=2000,ename="John"]]]] and schema will be
e.g Schema
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="windows-1252" ?>
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" elementFormDefault="qualified">
<xsd:element name="depts">


<xsd:element name="dept" maxOccurs="unbounded">


<xsd:element name="deptno" type="xsd:string"/><!-- This simple element e.g can be attribute in some schema-->
<xsd:element name="dname" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="emps" maxOccurs="unbounded" minOccurs="0">


<xsd:element name="empno" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="ename" type="xsd:string"/>











-Many thanks

One question I have is, how and when is the generation supposed to occur?



IOW, what is the environment?



And where did the Map come from? If, as you replied to Arne, your schema

can change, what process is responsible for creating new Maps that are

relevant for updated schemas?

There is an upstream process that does that.

Such a map, after all, should be a Java
analog of an XML instance for the target schema,

You are correct. The map is Java analog of an XML Instance of the target schema. And I don't need a schema at this point but for two reasons:

1) Map does not tell me if an single Entry is either an attribute in XML or Simple element.

2) Map does not tell me the order of siblings (e.g sequence)

you don't need the
 
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S

Stuart

Am 11/17/12 7:52 AM, schrieb Mausam:
Hello,

I have a Map (it can be nested map, containing of maps) and a schema. Keys in Map represent element/attribute name of the schema and an entry in Map will be at same depth as an element defined in schema

I need help in generating xml from the map as per the schema provided, without generating new files (as e.g Jaxb would require) Sample schema/map provided below

e.g Map = [dept=[deptno="10",dname="ABC",loc="XYZ",emps=[[empno=1000,ename="Albert"],[empno=2000,ename="John"]]]] and schema will be

e.g Schema
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="windows-1252" ?>
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" elementFormDefault="qualified">
<xsd:element name="depts">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="dept" maxOccurs="unbounded">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="deptno" type="xsd:string"/><!-- This simple element e.g can be attribute in some schema-->
<xsd:element name="dname" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="emps" maxOccurs="unbounded" minOccurs="0">
<xsd:complexType>
<xsd:sequence>
<xsd:element name="empno" type="xsd:string"/>
<xsd:element name="ename" type="xsd:string"/>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:sequence>
</xsd:complexType>
</xsd:element>
</xsd:schema>

-Many thanks

Try this: http://codeviewer.org/view/code:2c08 (sorry, but code posted
on usenet looks really ugly). Note that this code can only handle a
schema that looks like the one you have provided (no support for
xsd:choice, schema must be in Russian Doll format, no proper quoting of
special characters like <>" which are not allowed in XML string).

Regards,
Stuart
 
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