FAQ 4.11 How do I get a random number between X and Y?


P

PerlFAQ Server

This is an excerpt from the latest version perlfaq4.pod, which
comes with the standard Perl distribution. These postings aim to
reduce the number of repeated questions as well as allow the community
to review and update the answers. The latest version of the complete
perlfaq is at http://faq.perl.org .

--------------------------------------------------------------------

4.11: How do I get a random number between X and Y?

To get a random number between two values, you can use the "rand()"
built-in to get a random number between 0 and 1. From there, you shift
that into the range that you want.

"rand($x)" returns a number such that "0 <= rand($x) < $x". Thus what
you want to have perl figure out is a random number in the range from 0
to the difference between your *X* and *Y*.

That is, to get a number between 10 and 15, inclusive, you want a random
number between 0 and 5 that you can then add to 10.

my $number = 10 + int rand( 15-10+1 ); # ( 10,11,12,13,14, or 15 )

Hence you derive the following simple function to abstract that. It
selects a random integer between the two given integers (inclusive), For
example: "random_int_between(50,120)".

sub random_int_between {
my($min, $max) = @_;
# Assumes that the two arguments are integers themselves!
return $min if $min == $max;
($min, $max) = ($max, $min) if $min > $max;
return $min + int rand(1 + $max - $min);
}



--------------------------------------------------------------------

The perlfaq-workers, a group of volunteers, maintain the perlfaq. They
are not necessarily experts in every domain where Perl might show up,
so please include as much information as possible and relevant in any
corrections. The perlfaq-workers also don't have access to every
operating system or platform, so please include relevant details for
corrections to examples that do not work on particular platforms.
Working code is greatly appreciated.

If you'd like to help maintain the perlfaq, see the details in
perlfaq.pod.
 
Ad

Advertisements


Ask a Question

Want to reply to this thread or ask your own question?

You'll need to choose a username for the site, which only take a couple of moments. After that, you can post your question and our members will help you out.

Ask a Question

Top